Heydar Aliyev International Airport

UBBB · Baki, Azerbaijan

Statistics Heydar Aliyev International Airport 2019-2022

Climate and trends: average temperature, flight conditions, precipitation, wind speed and direction.

Calculated from historical METAR data of Heydar Aliyev International Airport (UBBB) between 2019 and 2022.

VFR conditions (%)

Month Average 2022 2021 2020 2019
January 58.0 74 46 67 57
February 56.8 71 41 62 42
March 58.4 59 59 75 50
April 88.7 95 97 82 75
May 94.5 93 94 90 95
June 98.2 100 98 100 98
July 97.6 99 98 99 97
August 97.0 100 97 95 97
September 94.2 94 93 97 94
October 82.1 82 89 89 77
November 65.0 66 70 69 68
December 48.3 41 60 60 48
Average 81.0 84.4 81.2 84.0 77.5

7th best VFR conditions of Azerbaijan

VFR conditions during daylight period

Percentage of observations where the VFR minimums for ceiling and visibility are met:
  • Visibility: 8 km or more
  • Ceiling: 3,000 ft or more
Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Marginal VFR conditions (%)

Month Average 2022 2021 2020 2019
January 88.6 94 85 94 89
February 87.0 92 75 94 95
March 86.7 88 91 90 90
April 95.6 95 99 92 93
May 97.6 99 98 95 96
June 99.8 100 100 100 100
July 99.7 100 100 100 100
August 99.6 100 99 100 100
September 99.3 99 100 99 100
October 98.1 99 99 98 97
November 93.4 92 96 93 93
December 90.6 91 95 97 92
Average 95.3 96.4 95.4 96.2 95.7

Marginal VFR conditions or better during daylight period

Percentage of observations where the MVFR minimums for ceiling and visibility are met:
  • Visibility: 5 km or more
  • Ceiling: 1,000 ft or more
Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Maximum temperatures (°C)

Month Average 2022 2021 2020 2019
January 8.2 9 9 9 9
February 8.9 11 8 10 8
March 11.1 9 11 13 11
April 16.8 19 19 15 16
May 23.9 22 24 23 25
June 30.1 30 31 31 32
July 32.2 31 32 33 31
August 31.9 33 35 29 31
September 27.1 28 27 28 26
October 20.7 22 18 22 22
November 13.9 15 14 13 14
December 10.1 9 12 9 11
Average 19.7 20.1 19.9 19.5 19.6

7th highest temperature of Azerbaijan

Average highest temperature per day

The maximum temperature is typically observed some hours after noon.

Minimum temperatures (°C)

Month Average 2022 2021 2020 2019
January 2.6 2 3 3 3
February 3.1 4 3 4 4
March 4.8 4 4 6 5
April 8.3 10 9 8 8
May 13.9 13 14 14 15
June 19.4 20 20 19 21
July 22.8 22 23 22 22
August 21.3 20 22 20 21
September 18.2 19 19 18 17
October 13.0 16 12 12 14
November 8.1 10 6 8 8
December 5.7 6 6 4 6
Average 11.8 12.2 11.7 11.5 11.9

8th lowest temperature of Azerbaijan

Average lowest temperature per day

The minimum temperature is typically observed just before sunrise.

Precipitation (%)

Month Average 2022 2021 2020 2019
January 10.7 9 12 16 6
February 10.2 2 9 8 17
March 8.3 13 10 3 11
April 2.8 1 1 5 5
May 1.7 3 2 3 1
June 0.5 0 0 0 0
July 0.4 1 0 1 0
August 0.7 1 0 3 1
September 2.5 2 5 0 3
October 5.0 4 6 2 3
November 10.5 13 1 15 17
December 12.0 16 9 11 7
Average 4.7 4.3 3.9 4.8 5.1

Precipitation during daylight period

Percentage of observations with observed rain, drizzle, snow or hail. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Wind speed (knots)

Month Average 2022 2021 2020 2019
January 11.8 12 12 11 13
February 12.2 12 12 16 11
March 13.6 14 13 13 14
April 13.2 14 13 13 11
May 12.7 14 13 15 11
June 12.1 13 13 13 12
July 13.1 13 13 11 15
August 11.4 10 9 13 12
September 11.6 13 12 10 11
October 11.5 12 12 11 11
November 10.6 11 11 10 11
December 10.4 9 11 11 10
Average 12.1 12.5 12.1 12.3 11.8

7th highest wind speed of Azerbaijan

Average wind speed

Excluding wind gusts. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Prevailing wind direction

Month 2022 2021 2020 2019
January 249° 214° 295° 255°
February 257° 294° 261° 317°
March 331° 299° 313° 323°
April 264° 317° 338° 333°
May 299° 288° 279° 317°
June 335° 345° 338° 343°
July 348° 343° 334° 334°
August 090° 020° 340° 007°
September 072° 349° 101° 338°
October 006° 012° 149° 238°
November 342° 263° 008° 078°
December 055° 197° 024° 253°

Prevailing wind direction

Average wind direction, weighed by wind speed. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

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