Toronto City

CXTO · Ontario, Canada

Climate Toronto City 2020-2024

Climate and trends: average temperature, flight conditions, precipitation, wind speed and direction.

Calculated from historical METAR data of Niagara Falls International Airport (KIAG) between 2020 and 2024.

VFR conditions (%)

Month Average 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020
January 43.0 23 24 48 47 57
February 59.5 62 60 60 52 50
March 68.6 64 54 68 85 62
April 75.6 81 80 78 81
May 83.2 86 86 90 83
June 86.1 68 94 90 96
July 85.9 75 92 76 92
August 87.3 78 85 90 90
September 84.0 79 72 93 85
October 75.6 75 86 69 73
November 72.4 73 63 81 80
December 54.3 43 56 68 56
Average 71.9 49.0 67.2 76.1 78.3 77.5

VFR conditions during daylight period

Percentage of observations where the VFR minimums for ceiling and visibility are met: visibility of 5 mi or more and a ceiling of 3,000 ft or more. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Marginal VFR conditions (%)

Month Average 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020
January 73.1 49 69 73 84 85
February 80.5 84 84 76 77 75
March 84.1 81 75 78 95 88
April 88.9 91 92 89 89
May 91.6 96 90 97 92
June 93.2 81 96 95 98
July 94.4 87 98 90 97
August 97.5 93 98 99 99
September 94.4 96 83 98 96
October 90.6 94 97 81 94
November 88.5 88 79 94 93
December 80.6 70 78 87 87
Average 87.0 70.6 85.6 87.4 91.3 91.8

Marginal VFR conditions or better during daylight period

Percentage of observations where the MVFR minimums for ceiling and visibility are met: visibility of 3⅛ mi or more and a ceiling of 1,000 ft or more. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Maximum temperatures (°C)

Month Average 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020
January 0.8 2 3 -2 0 2
February 2.9 6 5 2 -2 1
March 6.7 10 5 8 10 8
April 12.8 16 13 14 10
May 20.2 20 22 19 18
June 25.3 25 25 27 26
July 27.9 28 28 26 29
August 26.3 25 28 29 24
September 23.3 24 23 24 22
October 16.6 17 17 19 15
November 8.6 10 11 10 11
December 3.8 7 4 7 3
Average 13.5 5.9 15.4 15.3 15.2 14.1

Average highest temperature per day

The maximum temperature is typically observed some hours after noon.

Minimum temperatures (°C)

Month Average 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020
January -6.9 -3 -2 -10 -5 -4
February -5.2 -3 -3 -7 -9 -5
March -2.4 1 -1 -2 -2 0
April 3.0 5 3 3 1
May 9.3 8 11 8 8
June 15.2 15 15 17 15
July 17.8 19 18 17 19
August 16.6 17 18 19 11
September 13.1 14 14 15 11
October 8.0 10 6 12 6
November 1.1 1 3 2 3
December -2.1 2 -1 0 -3
Average 5.0 -2.5 7.1 6.0 6.5 5.2

Average lowest temperature per day

The minimum temperature is typically observed just before sunrise.

Precipitation (%)

Month Average 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020
January 24.6 41 26 27 14 16
February 21.8 10 18 33 30 27
March 18.1 18 28 21 7 18
April 14.0 12 13 12 16
May 9.4 7 8 9 10
June 5.5 8 4 6 2
July 4.4 6 4 7 4
August 3.6 4 5 2 4
September 4.1 1 11 5 1
October 12.5 12 10 12 11
November 13.5 11 19 10 12
December 18.7 20 17 13 13
Average 13.0 23.6 12.1 13.1 9.8 10.4

Precipitation during daylight period

Percentage of observations with observed rain, drizzle, snow or hail. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Wind speed (knots)

Month Average 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020
January 10.2 10 9 10 9 10
February 11.8 10 14 13 11 11
March 11.1 11 12 12 11 10
April 10.3 10 10 9 11
May 8.8 8 9 8 9
June 8.7 7 9 10 9
July 7.9 8 9 8 8
August 8.2 8 8 7 9
September 8.0 7 8 9 10
October 9.4 9 9 8 10
November 10.6 10 11 10 12
December 9.9 8 10 11 11
Average 9.6 10.2 9.0 9.6 9.1 9.7

Average wind speed

Excluding wind gusts. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.

Prevailing wind direction

Month 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020
January 255° 254° 267° 285° 256°
February 253° 249° 256° 253° 254°
March 261° 271° 256° 257° 238°
April 238° 244° 273° 272°
May 258° 207° 260° 285°
June 352° 247° 227° 239°
July 238° 239° 266° 246°
August 271° 249° 240° 244°
September 285° 261° 248° 231°
October 256° 228° 231° 245°
November 249° 244° 243° 240°
December 257° 244° 235° 248°

Prevailing wind direction

Average wind direction, weighed by wind speed. Only observations between sunrise and sunset are taken into account.